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Why did the Soviet Union Collapse? (pt. 2)

Feb 9, 2023

From its birth, the Soviet Union came under attack by imperialist powers who did everything possible to bring about its final and permanent collapse.

Xi Jinping once quipped: “Why did the Soviet Union disintegrate? Why did the Soviet Communist Party collapse? An important reason was that their ideals and beliefs had been shaken.”

If you ask anyone who spent time living in the Soviet Union, you are likely to hear such an explanation.

But how and when did the foundation of the USSR first begin to crack and crumble?

Most of the former-Soviet population would blame not Stalin, as westerners may suspect, but Nikita Khrushchev.

But hadn’t Stalin been a dictator, universally despised by his people? In reality, Joseph Vissarionovich was highly-respected and honored by the people of the USSR.

Harry Haywood, who witnessed Stalin at work in the Soviet Union, remarked:

“When I was in the Soviet Union it was pretty clear to me that Stalin was a man loved by the people. This is no exaggeration. There was a tremendous sense of achievement, an all-pervasive feeling that the country had made great advances, and the people attributed much of this to Stalin’s leadership. I think this was true right up to the war and through the war. Now, when he died in 1953, there was a big trend to the right throughout the world. Khrushchev and his cronies were part of that trend. They had to attack Stalin to achieve their own goals. With all the prestige the man had built up over the years, they really had to vilify him.”

This second installment of this series explores external factors that contributed to its dissolution, while the second will discuss internal ones.

Narration by Slava the Ukrainian Socialist

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